Key Documents

PNA Key Documents

PNA member countries are at the forefront of collective decision making about conservation and management of tuna. The PNA is informed by the decisions of its officials, Ministers and national leaders who have drafted Implementing Agreements and Declarations setting out key policies and then amended these as needed to update decisions.

Key documents include:

The Nauru Agreement 

The original agreement setting out the Parties to the Nauru Agreement and their key objectives to control terms and conditions of fishing in their waters.

The Palau Arrangement/Purse Seine Vessel Day Scheme

The agreement detailing the role for the PNA through regular management meetings in managing the tuna stocks and establishing the role and responsibilities of the PNA office. Amended in 2015, this document sets out rules for the Purse Seine Vessel Day Scheme, a unique PNA scheme to sell a limited number of fishing days which has doubled revenue to the PNA countries and advanced its sustainable management of tuna. Also below is the Palau Arrangement for the Long Line Vessel Day Scheme, amended in 2016. 

1st PNA Implementing Arrangement

The PNA 1st Implementing Arrangement began a regional fishing vessel register. This was later followed by development of a Vessel Monitoring System (VMS).  Under the VMS, all licensed fishing vessels are required to fit an Automatic Location Communicator which monitors the vessel's position, speed, and course. In this way, fishing vessels are electronically monitored 24/7.

2nd PNA Implementing Arrangement

The 2nd PNA Implementing Arrangement established Minimum Terms and Conditions for fishing in PNA waters which is now the applicable across the Pacific Islands.

3rd PNA Implementing Arrangement

The 3rd PNA Implementing Arrangement, signed in May 2008:

*    decreed fishing vessels will no longer be allowed to fish in high seas pockets as a condition of their licenses
*    banned Fishing Aggregating Devices (FADs, a device used to attract tuna which often results in the capture of juvenile fish) by purse seine fishing vessels for set time periods
*    introduced catch retention (to stop dumping of lower value tuna overboard purse seine fishing vessels)

Bikenibeu Declaration

Signed in Tarawa, Kiribati in 2009, the Bikenibeu Declaration set up the PNA Office to serve its members by strategic fisheries conservation and management, initiatives to maximize profitability and benefits for Pacific Islanders and promotion of PNA waters as a globally recognized, sustainably managed and certified tuna fishery.

Koror Declaration

Signed in Palau, in 2010, at the 1st PNA Presidential Summit, the Koror Declaration:

 *   confirmed and supported the Vessel Day Scheme (whereby fishing is limited y a set number of fishing days)
 *   closed off all high seas areas to fishing (latitude 10 degrees North and 20 degrees South)
 *   endorsed plans to proceed with the full assessment for Marine Stewardship Council certification of the skipjack fishery as sustainable.

Palau Arrangement for the Management of the Western Pacific Fishery as amended 11th Sept 2010

The Palau Arrangement is;
TAKING into account the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, 1982, in particular Articles 56(1)(a) and 61;
ACKNOWLEDGING that in accordance with the relevant principles of international law each of the Parties has established an exclusive economic zone or fisheries zone (hereinafter called the “the exclusive economic zones”) which extends up to two hundred nautical miles from the baseline from which their respective territorial seas are measured and within which they respectively and separately exercise sovereign rights for the purposes of exploring, exploiting, conserving and managing all living marine resources;
HAVING REGARD to the objectives of the South Pacific Forum Fisheries Agency Convention 1979 and the Nauru Agreement Concerning Cooperation in the Management of Fisheries of Common Interest 1982 and in particular the promotion of regional cooperation and coordination of fisheries policies and the need for implementation of these objectives through regional and sub-regional arrangements;
RECOGNISING the responsibilities of coastal states and fishing states to cooperate with each other in the conservation and management of the living marine resources of the high seas and taking into account the special interest of coastal states in highly migratory species while outside their exclusive economic zones;
RECOGNISING that in order to ensure sustained conservation of living marine resources both within and beyond the exclusive economic zone, fisheries management regimes must effectively maintain the ecological relationship between dependent and associated populations, prevent any decrease in the size of harvested populations below those necessary to ensure their stable recruitment, and avoid adverse impacts upon the marine environment and further recognising that in order to ensure conservation and promote optimum utilisation of the living resources fishing must be carried out only on the basis of ecologically sound practices, effectively monitored and enforced;
REAFFIRMING the obligation of fishing nations to provide full and verifiable data on their fishing operations;
MINDFUL of the dependence of countries of the Pacific upon the rational development and utilization of the living marine resources and the continued abundance of these resources;
ACCEPTING the right of all members of the Pacific Islands Forum Fisheries Agency to become Parties to this Arrangement;

Longline Vessel Day Scheme

Benchmark fees

Signed in Palau, in 2013, see the latest Memorandum of Understanding on minimum bench mark fees and resolution on other fisheries management measures.

These documents can be downloaded by clicking the document title below or clicking the respective links provided.


Get In Contact With Us

Parties to the Nauru Agreement (PNA)
PNA Office PO Box 3992

Majuro, Marshall Islands
MH 96960
Phone: +692 625 7626/7627
Fax: +692 625 7628

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